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Skansen Archeologiczny Karpacka Troja (PL)
Karpacka Troja means 'Carpathian Troy', a fitting name for this archaeological open air. The site is one of the most important archaeological sites in Poland. One of the earliest strongly fortified settlements known in Poland, dated to the beginnings of the , has been discovered here.
Over 2000 years after the fall of the Carpathian Troy the site was inhabited by the Slavs. They erected a large of 3 hectares of land, surrounded with monumental earthworks which nowadays are still as high as 10 meters. This site is called the ‘Royal Earthworks’. The hillfort is dated to 770-1020 AD. There have been a few tens of thousands of Slavic artefacts discovered on the site including a hoard of silver items which contained a famous trimming from a sword-scabbard - a masterpiece of early medieval .
The Carpathian Troy - a branch of Subcarpathian Museum in Krosno - has been built in Trzcinica in order to protect the hillfort and make it available for tourists. The originator of the open-air museum is Jan Gancarski – the director of the Subcarpathian Museum. The whole complex consists of the hillfort and an archaeological park located at the foot of it. There are over 150 meters of reconstructed earthworks, 2 gateways (the first one dated to the beginnings of the Bronze Age, the other to the early medieval times) and 6 cottages. In the archaeological park there are 2 reconstructed villages - the village of the Otomani culture and an early medieval village. A modern pavilion is situated here as well. To idea is to make the silent display speak to tourists in the language that they can understand. The museum intends to become a recognizable, acknowledged and tourist-friendly museum institution and to impart a new quality to the past.
October 2007, works started to construct this archaeological open air museum. It is a branch museum of the Subcarpathian Museum in Krosno and much of the costs were covered by financial support granted to the by the “European Economic Area Financial Mechanism” and to a lesser extent by the Voivodeship Marshal’s Office in Rzeszów and local authorities.
Autumn 2009, the museum was ready and it would have been opened in 2010 if not on 4 June 2010, the museum and a wide area surrounding it was flooded. Both the exhibition pavilion and the reconstructions of prehistoric and early medieval cottages suffered major flood damages with flooding up to 1.5 – 2 metres; destruction of inner and outer façades, floors, , et cetera. The archaeological open air museum now probably will open in June 2011.
This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.