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Questions

Delphi House of Questions was an EU Culture 2000 project by three EXARC members. Under this umbrella, other EXARC members as well collected and answered the most frequently asked questions by visitors to archaeological open-air museums. The largest part of this collection of questions you can find here – as many of them still carry importance. In most cases we offer the questions both in the original language and in English.

How heavy was a knights' suit of armour (DE)?

A complete suit of armour of a knight in the late 13th and early 14th century weighed about 30 to 35 kilogrammes. To us, this may seem heavy, but a knight was used to carry his equipment from very young childhood on...

What was the most used weapon in the Middle Ages (DK)?

The sword. But else there were trebuchets, bombarders and weapons with gunpowder, by the end of the Middle Ages...

Did knights in the Middle Ages really need to be hoisted onto their horses (NL)?

At the beginning, a suit of armour was meant for battle and a knight who fell off his horse should be able to continue fighting. In the 14th and 15th century, one could move around in a suit of armour pretty well...

Did they already have fire extinguishers in the Middle Ages (NL)?

Nowadays, strict fire safety rules are set at parks like Archeon. Therefore, in all houses, we have fire extinguishers present. The city council in medieval times, however, already applied rules.

What temperature is a fire (NL)?

The heat of a fire depends on the type of fuel and the quantity of added oxygen. A simple wood fire can reach about 700 - 800 ° C.

Are there finds from furniture dating back to the Lake Dwelling Times and how did they look like (DE)?

Yes. We know rests from chairs, beds as well as racks, both from the Stone Age as the following Bronze Age. They were not at all worked as artistically as the furniture from the Mediterranean we know from the same era or from the Near East. They are more the results of sound craftsmanship...

How is wood tar made (NO)?

Tar is made by placing pine roots in a conical hole in the ground, lined with birch bark. They are then covered by turf, and set on fire. The turf keeps the oxygen out, so the wood doesn’t go up in flames. The sap is boiled out of the roots and runs to the bottom of the hole, where it can be collected as tar.

How did they make prehistoric canoes (NL)?

The prehistoric canoes that have been found in the Netherlands are dug-out canoes. They were made of hollowed-out trees. In te forest a suitable tree was selected and probably on the spot shortened, debarked and hollowed out...

What did the people of the lake fortress look like (LV)?

Anthropological and demographic studies give us an idea of the physical characteristics of the ancient Latgallians in the Early Middle Ages. Latgallian men living in the 7th–13th century had an average stature of...

In the Iron Age, who was exactly the boss (NL)?

That depended on where exactly: at home, in the village.. Life was probably very much structured because the security of existence of every individual and the group as a whole depended on it...

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