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Questions

Delphi House of Questions was an EU Culture 2000 project by three EXARC members. Under this umbrella, other EXARC members as well collected and answered the most frequently asked questions by visitors to archaeological open-air museums. The largest part of this collection of questions you can find here – as many of them still carry importance. In most cases we offer the questions both in the original language and in English.

What kinds of wood did people use in Prehistory for tree canoes (NL)?

Kinds of wood used in Dutch prehistory were for sure oak (Quercus), lime (Tilia) and needle wood. The fact that more different kinds of wood were used could refer to that...

The elephants Hannibal used, did they originate in Asia or Africa (IT)?

The name Hannibal or Chan-i-bal means something like "Mercy of Baäl" in Phoenician or Carthague. As Hannibal Barkas himself attacked the Roman Empire from Africa (the Carthague Empire) it is probable, his elephants originated from there as well...

Did Denmark take part in the Crusades (DK)?

No, not in the major crusades to the Holy Land; Danes may have been there, but only in very limited numbers. Local crusades against infidels along the coasts of the Baltic Sea were organised by Danish kings, however...

Were Trébuchets common in Denmark (DK)?

As far as we know, they were relatively common. None have survived till modern times, but they are mentioned regularly in written sources...

When did gunpowder weapons become common in Denmark (DK)?

It is difficult to say with any certainty, but a number of small hand cannons have been found in Scandinavia, dating from the later half of the 14th century and the early 15th century. By then, it must have been a relatively common weapon in Denmark...

Does a narrow water ditch and a wattle fence have any defensive value anyway (DE)?

Yes. One should realise, the potential enemy was under fire of arrows and stones when trying to conquer the ditch and tall fence.

How heavy is a Roman suit of armour (NL)?

The Loreca hamata (chain armour) weighs about 10 to 11 kilos. A Loreca segmentata (plate armour) is about 7 kilos.

Which types of weapons did people have in the Iron Age (SE)?

There were several types of weapons during this period. There are archaeological finds of bows and arrows from f.ex. Danish sacrificial bogs. The arrowheads were made of iron or bone. Bow and arrow could also be used for hunting...

What weapons were used in battle by the people inhabiting the lake fortress (LV)?

The people living in the lake fortress used the characteristic close combat and missile weapons of the Viking Age. Missile weapons included the bow, with iron-tipped arrows, as well as the javelin and probably also the sling...

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