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Questions

Delphi House of Questions was an EU Culture 2000 project by three EXARC members. Under this umbrella, other EXARC members as well collected and answered the most frequently asked questions by visitors to archaeological open-air museums. The largest part of this collection of questions you can find here – as many of them still carry importance. In most cases we offer the questions both in the original language and in English.

Did people make everything by themselves in prehistory (NL)?

Most settlements were probably mostly autarctic, taking care of their own food, clothing, pottery, tools et cetera. There are however clues for the exchange of goods and resources which were not present in the local environment...

What did the Roman men wear under their tunic (NL)?

Originally, Romans wore not a thing under their tunic. It is however assumed, soldiers in the colder areas of Europe (like the Netherlands) wore the trousers we know of these places.

What kind of clothes did people wear in the 14th century (NL)?

Men and women wore linen shirts or "camises" as undergarments. We are not sure about the women, but men wore linen underpants. These were wide, quite baggy things just above or just over the knee...

Did prehistoric people use something like our buttons (CZ)?

The finds which we describe in the Czech Republic as buttons date to the Neolithic; they were made, for example, from bone or amber...

What kind of clothing did people wear in prehistory (NL)?

There has been only a limited number of finds of clothing in the Netherlands. Therefore, the reconstructions we show at Archeon are based on many assumptions and foreign finds, mainly from Germany and Denmark...

What kind of clothes did the Neandertal people wear (CH)?

We know much too little about that because clothes do not remain conserved in the soil for such a long time. We can presume however, the Neanderthal used this what they had to their disposal...

Did people bathe in the early Middle Ages (NL)?

Roman baths were still used and maintained in some places at the beginning of the early Middle ages. In monasteries there were sometimes baths too...

Could they already weave textiles in the Iron Age (NL)?

Absolutely, textiles are already known from the Stone Age. In these areas, little is found (in sandy soils, this is not preserved that well), but there are many clues, like weaving weights, belts and pins et cetera. The surely still used animal furs but textile was in well use. The value of it was much more than today, however...

Did international trade exist in Poland in the Iron Age (PL)?

Yes indeed, there were "no borders" for trade people. Traces at the Biskupin settlement show there were numerous contacts across Europe and beyond. Just like elsewhere in Europe in Prehistory...

In the Late Middle Ages in the Netherlands, were there already shops where clothing, furniture and food was for sale (NL)?

At crossings of trade roads (over land and water) often, places were set up for (year)markets. These places were often occupied only a part of the year, but the most important ones grew out to permanent settlements and eventually complete towns...

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