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Questions

Delphi House of Questions was an EU Culture 2000 project by three EXARC members. Under this umbrella, other EXARC members as well collected and answered the most frequently asked questions by visitors to archaeological open-air museums. The largest part of this collection of questions you can find here – as many of them still carry importance. In most cases we offer the questions both in the original language and in English.

Didn't people in prehistory already have names (CH)?

Until in the Late Iron Age (3rd century BC), people did not use writing. In general, therefore, we are dealing with an alphabetic culture, so we do not have any names form this time...

Which language did the prehistoric people speak (CH)?

On this subject, we unfortunately know as good as nothing, because the prehistoric people did not know yet how to write and therefore did not leave any written traces behind. As however it is important to a social group to be able to communicate, people surely must have used a language...

What did Romans wear (NL)?

In Rome and in the Mediterranean parts of the Roman empire, the sun’s warmth enabled Romans to wear next to nothing. The tunic, a long t-shirt like garment, was the most common piece of clothing. Women could add a kind of long cape, the palla...

Didn't medieval shoes have soles and didn't they wear out very soon (NL)?

Medieval shoes had merely a thin sole. To prevent this from wearing out too fast, but also in order to prevent the feet from getting wet, people wore wooden shoes called "trip".

Did people have soap in the Early Middle Ages (NL)?

The Romans didn’t use soap: they cleaned themselves with olive oil and some sand to remove dead skin cells. Soap supposedly is a Gallic or Germanic invention...

How were the changes in technology, economy and the social life influenced by the introduction of bronze (IT)?

The alloy of tin and copper for the production of bronze had two advantages: on the one hand the use of tin reduced the smelting point as tin smelts already at 231.9° C, on the other hand the addition of tin to copper results in...

Iron in the Iron Age, did that exist (NL)?

It is not for nothing called "Iron Age". The art of making iron originates - like many developments - from the Near East. In the Southern Netherlands, for tools and weapons, often wood and stone were used, occasionally bronze...

Where did bronze come from in prehistory (NL)?

Bronze is an alloy of copper and tin. Both metals do not originate in the Netherlands or its surroundings. natural sources of copper can be found in Austria, Spain, Southern France, Northern Italy, Ireland, England, Scotland, Wales and Bulgaria...

Did the Vikings have iron (NO)?

Yes, the Vikings had both iron and steel. They had to make it themselves, through a process called “blestring” or iron smelting. This was a major undertaking, so iron was expensive. Here at Lofotr we have documented this process on a DVD which is sold in our museum store.

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