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Questions

Delphi House of Questions was an EU Culture 2000 project by three EXARC members. Under this umbrella, other EXARC members as well collected and answered the most frequently asked questions by visitors to archaeological open-air museums. The largest part of this collection of questions you can find here – as many of them still carry importance. In most cases we offer the questions both in the original language and in English.

Where were the inhabitants of the lake fortress buried (LV)?

The inhabitants of the lake fortress were buried in the flat cemetery on a hill on the north-eastern shore of Lake Āraiši near the Liepiņas farm. As part of the archaeological research on the Āraiši area, 168 female, male and children’s graves were...

How old did people in the early Middle Ages become (NL)?

On the basis of research on 66 skeletons from a graveyard in Susteren (from around 800 to 1100 AD) we know that women on average reached the age of 44 years and men on average 38 years. The infant death rate must have been very high. About one third of the children died before reaching five years.

How old did people get in prehistory (CH)?

The Stone Age people died - in respect to present - very early. Poor hygiene, illnesses, bad nourishment and burden of labour lead to an average life expectancy of 20-25 years. Many children already died in their first 4 years...

Did they have beds in the Early Middle Ages (NL)?

No beds are known from the Netherlands from the early Middle ages. In Oseberg and Gokstad (Norway) two beds were found. They look surprisingly modern: they even have a slatted bed base...

What crops did prehistoric people grow and what herbs did they collect (CZ)?

The composition of grown plants differs both regionally and temporarily and is dependent on the climate, local conditions, fertility of soil and so on...

When did people start to cook in prehistory (I mean more complicated meals, not just roasting or drying) (CZ)?

We cannot say for sure. We presume cooking from the Neolithic on when they started to use ceramic vessels – they prepared various gruels or soups, but it was possible...

Did people in prehistory already keep animals (NL)?

In the Old and Middle Stone Age (in the Netherlands about 250.000 - 7.300 years ago) the people were hunters & gatherers. They hunted for wild animals, but did not keep them themselves...

Did they keep animals at the Biskupin fortress in the Iron Age (PL)?

The people of Biskupin cultivated land, about 150 – 200 ha. For this, they used oxen and cows. Within the Biskupin settlements, lots of bones of domesticated animals were found. They kept cattle, sheep, goats, pigs, horses and dogs...

Did children have to work as well (CH)?

People in prehistory did not get very old, meaning one had to grow up much earlier. There was less time to remain a child than nowadays. Besides this, life was very hard...

Did people and their cattle live in one and the same house in prehistory (NL)?

No, in the New Stone Age houses, there are no indications for stables. During the Middle Bronze Age, between 1,800 - 1,600 BC, a farm type in which both people and cattle lived under one roof became the common type of dwelling...

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