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Conference: Reaching Visitors Through Dialogue, Play and Experimental Archaeology. OpenArch Congress Archeon

Yvonne van Amerongen (NL)
This three-day conference (23-25 April 2013) was part of the OpenArch project, a project that spans five years and aims to raise the standard of scientific research and public presentation in the open-air museums throughout Europe, with a focus on the interaction with the visitor...

Drying Meat Today as During the Late Glacial Period

Edoardo Ratti,
Valeria Cosma (IT)
Western Europe during the Upper Palaeolithic, between 42,000 years ago and 12,000 years ago, was sparsely wooded, but later there was an increase in the percentage of specimens of birch, abies, fagus and tilia hosting wildlife similar to that already present during the Middle Palaeolithic. With the recent phase, starting from 24,000 years ago, humans in this territory become specialized in hunting reindeer...

How did people make bread in those days (NL)?

Both in the Middle Ages as in prehistory the same story: using a bread oven. For a bread, you need to grind corn (a very time consuming effort), make dough of it and let it rise with yeast...

Do you know anything about how people kept food cool in the Middle Ages (NL)?

There are different ways. Actually, the best fridges are either streaming water or a hole in the ground. Rich people would have ice cellars where they would store ice in winter time, which would remain good until Summer.

Which types of animals did people keep in the Iron Age (SE)?

The Iron Age agricultural structure was more based on animal husbandry than the growing of crops. The Iron Age farmers of what was to become Sweden kept several types of animals. The two most important ones were cows and sheep...

Did the people of the Old Stone Age use fishing nets (CH)?

The first proven fishing nets date to the Middle Stone Age and are made of twined birch bark. We have not identified fishing nets of the Old Stone Age, which does not mean...

In the Middle Ages, people probably had all the time of the world - no stress (NL)?

Whether the Middle Ages were an easy time with lots of holidays? People were attached a lot to religious habits and there were numerous holidays when a certain saint was worshipped. Sunday was a day of rest as well and a day of veneration since Constantine the Great set up the 7 days system in the year 321...

What did they eat at the Crannogs in Scotland (UK)?

We have found traces of spelt and emmer wheat on site and barley. Also, a wide range of nuts and berries, including cloud-berry, raspberry, strawberry, brambles, sloes and wild cherries. Hazelnuts are in great abundance. Wild carrots, wild cabbages, wild garlic and thyme, and meat from domestic animals such as sheep and cow.

Where did the first corn come from (CH)?

The first kinds of corn cultivated in Switzerland in the Young Stone Age (about 7,500 years ago) were wheat and barley. These kinds of corn were not indigenous in Europe before they were first grown here, meaning they...

Stress probably didn't exist in the Iron Age? They had plenty of time (NL)?

The uttermost importance in those days was that the small groups could hardly rely upon others in bad times: a failed harvest for example was a huge disaster...


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