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How did people make fire in the early Middle Ages (NL)?

Two methods were used to make fire. One was by striking a special piece of iron (strike-a-light) on a piece of flint. The other method is by friction of wood on wood. The strike-a-light was most common. Sometimes people used the back of a knife to strike sparks. Friction of wood on wood (“the old-fashioned way”) was used at religious occasions...

You are cheating – they didn’t have iron axes in prehistory, did they (DK)?

No, not in the Stone Age. But here we are in the Iron Age. Do you remember the names of the periods: Stone Age, Bronze Age and Iron Age? You do not need to be embarrassed, but the names tell us when the different materials were introduced...

Where did the raw materials fot the medieval blacksmith come from and how did they get to him (NL)?

Probably, there were already tradesmen in iron and coal. Iron came form Germany, Sweden and the UK. Here there are locations where iron ore is found at the surface. Coal came from Germany...

What contacts existed between the inhabitants of the lake fortress and other countries (LV)?

In the Early Middle Ages, active trading contacts developed in Latvia, also involving the inhabitants of the lake fortress. Imported jewellery and parts of weapons have been found in the cultural layer...

The miracle of steel heat treatment

BAUGH, D., "The miracle of steel heat treatment", Bulletin of Primitive Technology, vol. 42, Utah, Society of Primitive Technology, pp. 63-66, 10/2011.

Conference: International Archaeological Conference, Trzcinica 2011

Tomasz Leszczyński (PL)

The International Conference on archaeological open-air museums and experimental archaeology: An Opportunity for the Promotion of the Tourist Industry, sponsored financially by the Norwegian Financial Mechanism, was held in the Carpathian Troy Open-Air Archaeological Museum in Trzcinica, Poland, on 9 – 10 June 2011...

Conference: Accidental and Experimental Archaeometallurgy

Ruth Fillery Travis (UK)

The Historical Metallurgy Society’s Annual Conference, 2-3 September 2010
The Historical Metallurgy Society was established in the early 1970s and is dedicated to providing a forum for the exchange of knowledge and the dissemination of research on the metallurgical practices of the past...

Jern i Vestjylland

VÆLDS, S., "Jern i Vestjylland", Mark og Montre. Årbog for Ribe Amts Museer, vol. 43. årgang, Ribe, Ribe Amts Museer, pp. 58-64, 2007.

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