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Mass Production in the Viking Age

FUGLESANG, S H., "Mass Production in the Viking Age", From Viking to Crusader: The Scandinavians and Europe 800-1200, Uddevalla, pp. 198-199, 1992.

Precision Lost Wax Casting

Nigel Meeks (UK),
Caroline Tulp (NL) and
Anders Söderberg (SE)
1999 Wilhelminaoord Workshop
***The limits of precision casting were explored experimentally at the Bronze Casting Workshop at Wilhelminaoord, the Netherlands, by making wax models, moulds and lost wax castings using essentially early metalworking conditions. Geometrically patterned models of Dark Age type dies were used to make wax patterns to simulate one of...

Experimente zur antiken Guß und Löttechnik

SOBOTTKA-BRAUN, U., and F. WILLER, "Experimente zur antiken Guß und Löttechnik", Das Wrack. Der antike Schiffsfund von Mahdia, vol. Band 1, 1 and 2, no. Kataloge des Rheinischen Landesmuseums Bonn, Köln, Rheinland-Verlag GmbH, pp. 1017-1021, 1994.

The Experimental Reconstruction in Bronze of a Merovingian Treasure Box from Sixth Century A.D.

Frank Willer (DE)
1999 Wilhelminaoord Workshop
***Considerations about a lost ancient fabrication technique of bronze attachements from a merowingian treasure box pointed out that practical experiments had to be done to reconstruct the cast and coldwork. A self made oven and mould sould help to create a realistic situation of a merowingian workshop.

From the Object to the Mould: Is there a Connection between Microstructure of a Cast Bronze Object and its Mould Material Used?

Emanuela Jochum Zimmerman,
Nina Künzler Wagner and
Stefanie Osimitz (CH)
1999 Wilhelminaoord Workshop
***The question studied within the framework of the Wilhelminaoord Workshop was: In which way the mould material does influence the cast structure of a bronze object? For this, casts in two different mould materials (clay and soapstone) were carried out. The 10% tin bronze was cast at about 1100°C into slightly preheated moulds.


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