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How many people lived in a lake fortress (LV)?

Every dwelling house with its auxiliary structures was an independent economic unit. Each house would have been the home of one nuclear family, consisting of parents, children and grandparents...

How did the interior of the dwellings in the lake fortress look like (LV)?

There were sleeping places and benches along the walls. Sometimes, in one corner of the room, the in- built structure from horizontal logs was made, where house hold items of bigger size and tools were stored...

What did the people of the lake fortress eat (LV)?

The islanders’ diet was very diverse – cereals, turnips, the meat of hunted and domestic animals, milk, eggs and fish. Vegetable oil was obtained from linseed and the seeds of gold-of-pleasure...

What was the occupation of the people living in the lake fortress (LV)?

They were mainly engaged in agriculture, stock-keeping, forest bee keeping, crafts and trade. Also important was the utilisation of wild resources: fishing and hunting, especially the...

What was the state of hygiene and health care in a lake fortress (LV)?

The lake fortress had a privy and a bathhouse or sauna, located on the perimeter of the complex. Hair was combed with bone and antler combs, and with combs made of pig bristles. Clothes were washed by beating...

In memory of Jānis Apals, Āraiši Lake Fortress, Latvia

Roeland Paardekooper (NL)

With Jānis Apals, who died at the age of 80 after a short illness, the international world of experimental archaeology looses a valued friend and colleague. EXARC remembers Jānis Apals as an energetic archaeologist, standing strong for...

Āraišu arheoloģiskais muzejparks (LV)

Araisi Archaeological Museum Park at the Latvian National History Museum. Between 1965-1975, near Cesis in Latvia, a fortress was excavated in a lake, dating to the 9th century AD. The excavating archaeologist, Prof. Apals, found himself 25 years later leading the on-site reconstruction...

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